Jump to content

Blogs

Featured Entries

  • Arnie

    Forum updates, feedback system and new versions

    By Arnie

    Firstly I'm going to try to document forum updates and other work completed to the site here in my forum blog. This will keep all the forum related updates in one place.   I've completed several updates to the forums today. We're now running the latest IPS versions for Gallery and Blog. There should be several bug fixes and feature adjustments with these new versions; I don't get a list I'm afraid or I'd publish it.   I've also taken comments on the trading system on board and we now have a feedback system installed for people to rate traders. I'm also inviting comment on whether we should update the sales system entirely or stick with topic based trading.   If there are bugs, problems or you just have an idea or input you'd like to see considered please do use the suggestion area to tell us!   You can find a topic covering these updates here.
    • 0 comments
    • 29 views
 

Project Rhodie: The magazine related hissy fit

Well my those who've been following the Rhodie Project on my Facebook will know that my King Arms midcaps arrived a last! No sooner where they through the door the dremel and silicon spray were out and I was at work. For those not aware the KA G3 mags require the rear upper corner filed off to fit in the magazine housing correctly: a 30 second jobbie with a dremel on each mag and you're laughing.   Out came the Humbrol paint again and I was away, painting happily away making a mess of the place and myself. After experimenting with a few patterns I decided to stick to mainly yellow stripes on the green base bar a couple mags which I did all blotchy for something different. After the paint had dried they looked pretty good...rough and ugly as sin...but they certainly looked the part!   Now when I get new midcaps I do the usual service: remove the spring, spray silicon down the chute, then bomb up with silicon oiled BBs a few times. For this I was using Blaster Devils....then began the rise in blood pressure which has only JUST returned to normal.   After no more than 3 pumps of the speedloader...JAM! hmm....so I power through it and get about 25-30 BBs in the mag before it jams solid. Next to debomb the mag...nothing! So banging the mag I am able to unload the mag only 3-5 BBs at a time having to whack the mag every time. Highly infuriating stuff.   Well this carried on with EVERY...SINGLE....MAG!! I was beginning to lose hope: £37 blown on mags that don't work, I wanted to take a plane to Hong Kong and I quote "Ram these pieces of poo down the throat of the numpty that designed them" next time the Boss visited King Arms. Seriously the rage and cursing coming from my workshop was heard from the house.   Utterly chinstrapped I was about to throw in the towel and do what I really didn't want to do: buy Hicaps. Or hunt down and blow my money on the JG Midcaps which feed flawlessly. However one last try...only this time maybe with different BBs...I wonder?   Filling up the speedloader with *winces* Zero One .25s I started loading up the mags...so far so good; no resistance. In fact I filled a whole mag! In fact all five mags bar one worked flawlessly, the last one being not quite a lemon...a few taps here and there needed but it was workable at least.   So: nice decent BBs were a nono for these mags yet the crappy nasty BBs the KA Mids were gobbling them like a hooer! My rage was finally subsiding.

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

Project Rhodie: The bangstick!

So I got into the office ready for a long boring day of invoices, telling people to use google when looking for plate carriers and the fortunate highlights of mercilessly taking the ###### out of my boss. But inside I was really excited as I knew the delivery had been and in that delivery would be my G3! Well I got the the office and OH NOES!! No delivery! So there I was cursing the recent snow fall with a raging passion, cursing UPS for being ###### and cursing the cat for mewing at me constantly trying to charm me out of this rage.   Naturally the inner squaddie got a grip and I got an office brew on the go while all the time cursing UPS and snow...but not the cat, the cat had redeemed himself by chasing my shoelaces..when the door went and I pretty much tripped over the cat to get to the door! I looked through the peep hole to see who it could be...no one?! Was it some chav playing silly buggers? Was it a dwarf with a pizza? NO! IT WAS UPS!   Sadly I had to deal with the stock delivery and let clients know their guns, bits and bobs has arrived and then sort out the shipping as well as the inevitable spring change looming while all the while the only thing in my mind was that G3!   So the G3 itself! Made by Jing Gong it is indeed a Chinese AEG, now I know there is a lot of stigma, ignorance and misconception in the airsoft world about Chinese made guns...well this gun surely does put those nay sayers in their place!   The rifle itself is made from a sturdy polymer, yes it's a plastic gun BUT it doesn't feel cheap and nasty and there's very little if any wobble in it whatsoever. It feels sturdy enough to be thrashed about a bit that's for sure. Because of this it's very light too and rather nimble for a full size battle rifle. Yes I can still hear the queens amongst you shouting "BUT IT'S PLASTIC!"....well so what? It's light, robust and comfortable. Speaking as an infantryman: lightweight is good, no one wants to lug about more then they can get away with.   Ergonomically it's more geared towards the right handed shooter with the selector on the left side, this does not (as people seem to think) make it non-lefty friendly. You can change it with your left hand, it's just a bit awkward to do! And when you do flick your switch (hey ho) you get a very reassuring CLICK each time. I'm certainly liking it so far. The pistol grip does feel a little on the small side in my spade like hands however it is still comfortable and functional, with slight moulding for the shooters hand too it makes for a very nice grip of the weapon.   Magazine release is fully ambidextrous as it's the same as on your standard MP5: one on the right and the one on the trigger guard. The magazines fit into the weapon almost like a FAL or AK by that I mean hooking the front of the magazine into the housing then pulling the rear side back in to lock it place. However with the G3 the action is much more subtle than on an AK or FAL.   Grip with the handguard is very slim indeed which is nice and comfortable as there is no extra weight here. The result is a pretty nicely balanced rifle as once the battery (in my case 8.4 3300 NiMh) is in the stock and you've shouldered it to fire: feels perfect. As some of you are aware I am a fan of the Battle Rifle...a real rifle!1 Well to me this is how a rifle should be: proper round (in the real world) full length barrel and no damned RIS. It was a pure infantryman's rifle.   Performance: after throwing away the BBs, charger, manual and battery that came with it I popped in an 8.4 3300mah NiMh which is a very snug fit and I had to be creative with my wire folding to get the butt pad on again but I managed. I flicked it to semi and gave a few rapid shots: nice response, the response was pretty good so no dramas there...flicking to auto I gave here a quick squeeze...BRRRRAP! VERY nice rate of fire! And I do mean very nice! ROF was nice a fast, around the 800 rounds per minute mark...just like a real steel LMG so I'm very happy with that one as I intend to use mids only once I build up a healthy supply.   Chrono: using .20 Blaster devils out the box it was doing over a course of ten shots we were doing between 348fps and 355.2fps again: very happy with that as a few mags through her will settle that spring in nicely. The hop itself gives decent results and the back yard accuracy is darn good. I'll be taking her out to skirmish on the 24th and we shall see how she does however I'm confident that she'll hold her own.   Overall I am very happy and very impressed with the build quality and performance of the Jing Gong G3A3 and I think the only upgrades for now would simply be a 6.03/6.04 tightbore barrel, I was going to put a Madbull Shark hop rubber in but for now I don't feel the need to.   Now she just awaits painting!   From Mad Badger Airsoft for £144.99   1 - A battle rifle is a full size rifle iring a full size round eg: 7.62x51....not 7.62x39...nor is it a 5.56mm weapon that just has a full size barrel like an M16. Those are an Airsoft misconception that need to be stamped out.

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

Project Rhodie: Adding paint to canvas...

I have my paints and I was ready to get cracking, so after experimenting on a bren pouch I was getting confident but the paint brush was looking rather dead so I decided to do this the old fashioned (and as it turns out: the historically accurate) way....my hands would be the paint brush! Donning the latex gloves as I'd just done my nails I was feeling like a school kid in art class.   As it happens painting the webbing with one's hands is exceptionally effective: you get a very uneven and blotchy finish to the paint which normally my inner perfectionist would be ripping it's hair out and getting ready to commit suicide...but due to the nature of this project my perfectionist was a little apprehensive at the outcome of a couple pieces but generally pleased. The idea was simply to provide a base coat due to the fact canvas tanned in the African sun and only on the parts that would be visible/exposed. It didn't have to look even, it certainly wasn't designed to be pretty like ATACS or DPM...it was designed to do the job.   Just as well as one set of pouches looked luminous to the point where I considered re-doing them. However Mr O'Sullivan assured me and told me to wait out until the yellow had gone on. I'm glad I did as once the yellow went on they looked fabulous! In fact the whole thing looks amazing and I'm not one to compliment anything let alone my own work.   Sadly I have reached the point where it only needs the yoke to be finished with the poncho roll...and I cannae justify opening a new pot of paint just to do that until my G3 arrives in, oh, two days Until then I'll just have to sit and stare longingly at the webbing in pieces until it gets the pouches stitched on the water bottle pouch and kidney pouch      

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

Project Rhodie: The paint saga

Okay so now I am finally ready to paint, I know the colours I'm after (well kinda) as they are simply known as babysh** yellow and forest green. Hand up fine I wasn't quite ready to paint them so I did some trawling online to find the right colours...success! The Rhodies used Du Pont vehicle paints on just about EVERYTHING! So I had my paint codes, I knew roughly how much I needed so I hit 'DuPont paint' into Google...nothing! I typed a few searches and came up with zip. Ah.   So I went on the DuPont website and emailed them asking where I can pick up their product from as there's no listings online, about an hour later I got sent the link to their list of Distributors. GREAT! I now could get in touch and find a retail outlet! So I type up an email to these guys asking for info about any local retail outlets which stock their product. The next day they had relied and I'm not going to lie: I was excited...seemed I wasted my time as the email simply said "I'm sorry we can not provide details of the clients that we ship that product to".....I was utterly fuming! What kind of idiotic monkey doesn't let people know where people can buy their product?! Naturally they were given the good news and were told exactly what I thought of them and I was back to square one.   So anyway...I later found that Humbrol pretty much ripped off the colours a while back from DuPont and are a very very good match for the original colours...I was in business! Even better was the local art and model shop stocks copious amounts of the stuff and payday was looming. Mr webbing shall be painted at last!

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

Project Rhodie: The webbing begins

So after doing a lot of research about what webbing the Rhodies used in the bush war I was very pleasantly surprised that Pattern 58 webbing was commonly used (heavily modified of course) along with Pattern 37, Pattern 64, SADF Pattern 70 and locally made copies of the previous. Due to restrictions the troopie used what he could get hold of, and people coming from overseas were often told if they do: bring webbing, more webbing and even more webbing.   As it just so happened I had at my disposal a set of Pattern 58 webbing and a couple Pattern 37 pouches. After talking to my good friend O'Sullivan he gave me some Dutch G3/FAL pouches to use as well. After lusting over O'Sullivan's Patter 70 webbing I decided I could and would do as they did in Rhodesia and simply nick the idea and use whatever was to hand: in this case I had a set of 58 kidney pouches and some G3 pouches....and a tailor down the road. Normally such ideas would be branded as heresy however in the historical context I had found Mecca in canvas form!   In the picture is what I've using for the web kit, before I set to work naturally. As you can see there's more pouches than belt space and not shown is a rather scruffy set of G3 pouches and a pair of 37 pattern brace attachments (in RAF blanco). The webbing construction had now begun and I was keen to do a real mixture of kit as once you are willing to incorporate foreign pouches and non-58 pouches onto Pattern 58 webbing...it's an amazingly versatile and underrated bit of kit. Which is why I never got rid of it: there is a mystical charm where canvas webbing in concerned.   There were three crucial things in the bush: ammo, water, and ammo. So naturally I wanted this to reflect the big three, so to start making space on the belt. First: I took the kidney pouches and cut them in two so I had two individual pouches (A very common thing to do in the bush and in the UK too). With one mounted on the belt the plan was to stitch a magazine pouch on the lid of the pouch as seen on the Patter 70 set. Second: I had a waterbottle naturally however in true Rhodie style it would have another G3/FAL pouch sewn onto it to increase ammunition carrying capacity. Third: I wanted to utilise the Dutch pouches as magazines would not rattle about inside being a set of two single mag pouches. (again in the bush war every effort was made to reduce rattle) That and they are, unlike other ammo pouches, not fiddly to use when under pressure. So far this gives me six magazine plus one in the rifle. Not bad but I'd like more... Fourth: I took a 37 pattern ammo pouch and cut slits into the back so I could drop mount it on the belt instead of it poking me in the arm pits all day. I hear I can carry either two extra magazines or a speedloader and bag of ammo plus grenades.   Overall the set up is pretty sound as I can swap out the 37 pattern ammo pouch for a second waterbottle pouch with a G3/FAL pouch sewn on the front anyway. Especially as I will be nabbing a repro Fereday & Sons chest rig to up my mag count again for longer patrols. So far so good I feel as it has authenticity, customisation and is pretty versatile for the real world so in airsoft terms I'm sorted as I'll be carrying 110rnd mids and not 20rnd 7.62x51 Ball.   Then we hit the issue of paint and the wonderful frustration that kicked up.

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

Project Rhodie: Genesis

A long time ago in a galaxy far far away...   Okay to be more precise it was actually Essex and was late last year but the initial introduction had a touch more class than "Last year in Essex" but that's not the point. I had been looking at Rhodesian history for a while on and off for a while last year as to be honest it's fascinating stuff both from a political sense and a military sense. However it never really went further than looking at photos and looking on Varusteleka for SADF and Rhodie kit and thinking "Oh if only"   To I left it and went off in all my issued kit for games, still refusing to bow down to the RIS that plagues the modern world, however there was still an emptiness inside, one that kept growing. Having finally grown tired of the wearing the same rubbish every weekend I explored some options: French CCE...no I don;t want to eat cheese and surrender isn't high on my list. Hmm all black maybe? tried it and got bored...it just lacked inspiration and still left room for RIS to creep in slowly. So I set my gaze further back to a time of purity....a time without RIS.   And then I found what I was looking for: weapon purity, no fancy kit and lots of leather...plus the added bonus of being somewhat Un-pc at the same time. It was the 1st Panzer Division, Leibstandarte SS Adolf Hitler! And of course I opted to go for the Panzer crew look. And that was it I thought I had found it, I thought I had found the one rig for me...but I was wrong.   Over the next few weeks I grew hungry for a new loadout, that hunger grew and grew until one day while browsing the depths of the internet (not looking for porn this time) I stumbled upon a picture of a Rhodie G3 rifle...it was love at first sight! So after some digging looking at various webbing set ups I realised I had most the kit for an Africa mercenary loadout and also for a Rhodie loadout.   At last I had found the loadout for me: it was versatile, it had history, it had a real rifle not some poxy M4 and it had canvas webbing....but most of all....it had NO DAMN RIS!!   And so, Project Rhodie was born.

Charmander442

Charmander442

 

An Armorer's Dilemma

Every airsofter and his dog has guns that are modern, military, tactical, etc., etc. The problem starts when you need something… different. “Futuristic” is not a problem: G36, P90, MP7, USP, Tavor, you’re set. #The Ugly Stick works too (after all, for SeaQuest, the original Total Recall and Starship Troopers it did). But when you need post-nuke, steampunk, Wild West or just the Roaring Twenties, you’ve got a problem. My airsoft wishlist is a mile long. And some of the stuff is going to serve as a base for conversions anyway (for example, a Skorpion AEP turned into a StA-18 pistol from Killzone, or a Broomhandle Mauser-based steampunk handcannon). So, with the Film Noir photoshoot just around the corner, the wishlist order got a bit shuffled. Sure, I bought a RPD foregrip on Fleabay last week, because it cost me bubkes and actually was there (they show up pretty rarely, especially not as a set with the stock that I don’t need at all) in order to build a Chinese Assault Rifle from Fallout 3, but a tommygun has priority. First, I want a tommygun anyway, because of its humongous grin factor (I mean, how awesome it is to fire a long burst from the thing, especially when you quote gangster movies while doing it?), second, there’s just an opportunity to use it. A Fallout 3 rifle would have to wait for an appropriate photoshoot, as we did the #Zombie Apocalypse two weeks ago and it’s too cold for a post-nuke themed one anyway. And, as a quick survey among the #PRF members revealed, nobody has a tommygun - not an airsoft one, not a Denix, nothing. So, as an armorer, I think I have to source one. If I can afford it, and I want it, I’ll just buy it and call it a day.

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

How I became an armorer

Airsofting is fun. Even if you run out of batteries, green gas and BBs, you can still walt around posing for photos (and remember, mud on your Weesatch makes the photos grittier and more "real"!). Sometimes even folks who don't airsoft want to walt around with your guns. For example, there's a local photography hobby group consisting of photographers, models and make-up artists, who organize weekly themed photoshoots - for example "Zombie Apocalypse", "Carnivale", "Weddings", "Alice in Wonderland", "The Witcher", "Shadowrun", etc. Considering I'm a Shadowrun fan, when I heard about the photoshoot two weeks earlier, I suggested I can bring some airsoft guns if anyone needs them. Turned out, they did. So I put my urban pixel pants on, grabbed a knockoff Eagle PT armor, my kneepads, a katana for that "Street Samurai" vibe and pretty much every gun I had, dumped it in a duffel bag and off to the photoshoot I went.   We were shooting downtown. In the streets. Of course someone was kind enough to hit the nearest cop shop in advance and notify them there'll be weirdos wandering around with guns, so we had no problems with that. There were also other airsofters who brought a couple more toys, but as far as sheer amount goes, I got more than all of them combined. And my collection isn't even as big as those of, for example, FireKnife or Lord_Sex. Also, most of the models were girls. And here's the funniest bit: imagine a skinny, 5'0" blonde with latex elf ears, wearing a catsuit and more belts than Lulu from Final Fantasy 8, with my Wingun 703 8" handcannon (with an Aimpoint M2 slapped on top). Slightly comical. Others were less extravagant: dual M9s, dual 1911s, PPK, silenced USP. I decided to run around with the Ugly Stick, for that '80s futuristic feel.   Of course I advertised on the group's forum that if need be, I have guns I can borrow so they don't have to bother any shops for it (the earlier "Zombie Apocalypse" photoshoot relied on guns provided by one of the shops), and so people already borrowed my handcannon (twice) and I'm already preparing for a cyberpunk-themed photoshoot in October (people from CD-Projekt RED studio, responsible for the Cyberpunk 2020 video game, are interested - hell, maybe I'll wind up in the promo materials...). I guess I'll have to expand my collection soon.

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

A Year Later and What Has Happened..........

Wow, so after another year has flown by what has changed?   Well my list now goes:   On woman number 15, damn i need to stop losing touch with them. On pistol 53, good times and many things to compare to, but still more to go. In a damn good job, enough said.   Well what else do i put here? Aside from living in airsoft hell which we all know about not much else. At least i actually have a chance to go shoot a few pistols off etc.   Anyway, see you in another year, good bye.   'FireKnife'

FireKnife

FireKnife

 

Project Uglystick

Like I said, after flipping a coin three times and getting tails three times, I decided to roll with a Muzzelite 10/22 sniper rifle build. I dubbed it "Project Uglystick" (due to its... questionable aesthetics). I divided it into four phases: Phase One: purchasing the carbine and internal upgrades (new hop-up, new barrel)
Phase Two: purchasing a Muzzelite stock
Phase Three: purchasing a compact scope (2-6x28 or 2-6x32) and mount (M16 carry handle rail)
Phase Four: assembly and testing
Phase One is 50% complete: all parts have been ordered, paid for and shipped. They just have to arrive here. Due to the fact that first version of the KJW 10/22 got really damn scarce, I had to check all the Hong Kong shops I knew, from AirsoftGlobal to TokyoModel - it turned out that only JK Army had it in stock at a sensible price ($200). JK Army apparently has some good reputation, but what they did blew my mind: I placed an order on Sunday, Monday morning (CET) I already received a confirmation and tracking number that worked. Now these guys are FAST. Sourcing a barrel was less of a problem - even with Falcon extended barrel kit out of stock, I found a 509mm barrel for a KJW M4 that looked remarkably similar (and considering that both guns were designed by Tanio Kobayashi, I guessed it will fit anyway) at EHobbyAsia. And here's where EHobby screwed up: sure, they said they've shipped the thing, but apparently forgot to give me a tracking number. So now it's a mail race between the Ruger and the barrel, and my money's on the Ruger. Phase Two was more of a challenge. First, the guy who I originally asked to get me the stock claimed he could send it for $12, plus 10% of the item's value as a commission fee, but then I actually checked the shipping cost via USPS and discovered there's no way to go below $48 due to the stock being REALLY FRIGGIN' HUGE. So what it weighs two pounds? It's two feet long and postage for things that large is... substantial. So I turned my attention to Ebay. Advance Manufacturing first declined to send the stock overseas, but considering they do ship other things to Europe, I convinced them to try and send me the stock. Groovy. But due to them selling some gun accessories (probably), they had some problems with those retarded monkeys at Paypal and switched to a more Australian payment processor, Paymate. Here's the problem with Paymate: it takes them FIVE *fruitcage* DAYS to process a payment for American clients. I kid you not. Also, they send you no receipt whatsoever if you pay someone, so you don't know how much exactly you paid and what was the exchange rate (hint: it's usually retarded, making Paymate no different than Paypal in this regard). However, the order was placed, the payment was made, now I just have to wait. Phase Three is put on hold until I get everything else. I already have a humongous silencer (to cover the longer inner barrel) and my flatmate told me he has a M16 carry handle rail he doesn't need, so all I need now is a compact scope - preferably with 2-6x magnification. Those usually come with 28mm or 32mm lenses, which should be enough. Now, the problem with calibrating it is the fact that it seems to sit pretty high in relation to the barrel. If I got it right, it will shoot low at distances shorter than the one I set the scope at and high at longer ones (which isn't that much of a problem if I set it far enough to make the difference noticeable only at ranges too short to fire the gun safely (gotta love the Polish airsoft laws, you can crank your gun to insane output velocities and all you're risking is infamy in the airsoft circles).   I'm also tempted to build a Predator-style laser pointer barrel extension, with three cheap red lasers from RSOV set around the barrel, but I guess it'd be overkill. The reactions of people seeing three familiar dots on them, on the other hand...? Priceless!

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

The Coin Flip

So, I finally got some extra cash, after all the sources for cheap Muzzelite stocks and all but one source for a cheap 10/22 dried up. And then, during the search for cheap Muzzelites, Google started actively scaring me with all those real-steel forums and people repeating multiple variants of "awful trigger pull". So today, I decided that I have to choose: "buy me now or forever stay your hand". Let's flip a coin, I thought, and got out a quarter-dollar coin I carry in my wallet.   "All right. Heads, I wait. Tails, I go for it."   And then, I flipped the coin. Like a spaz. Failed to catch it and it fell on the floor. Tails up. That doesn't count, I thought and flipped it again.   I did it like a spaz again. It landed on the floor, tails up. Apparently the universe is trying to tell me something. I flipped it for the third time.   This time I caught it. Tails again. SHOPPING TIME!   I placed orders at the online shops and e-mailed the guy who could source a Muzzelite for me with sane shipping costs. I only held out on the scope as I think I'll be able to get one a little cheaper here. Once spring comes, I'll have the thing up and running. Super light, super compact semi-automatic sniper rifle with enough power to fling the BBs over 200 feet away. And it'll look cool on photos.

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

Out of the left field

It turned out that AirsoftGlobal has custom-built Muzzelite 10/22 for sale - of course, it's stupidly overpriced and lacking some upgrades, but at least I have a clue how the replica really looks fitted with the Muzzelite stock. First thing: the barrel is shorter than on the real deal, and only the thread sticks out - good for me, I can go with any barrel extension to cover up the Falcon 509 mm one. For example, the 240x40 King Arms can I got from my flatmate. Second, the Muzzelite stock isn't much more expensive than normal RS 10/22 stocks - normal ones go for $80 roughly and the Muzzelite is $110. The only problem with Muzzelite is that trigger needs some work - it's not as terrible as, let's say, JLS F2000, but I'm sure I'll be needing a lighter return spring for the trigger bar. Why Muzzelite, though? Well, for starters, I wanted a futuristic-looking gun. Sure, it looked futuristic in the 80s, just ask propmakers that worked on Total Recall and SeaQuest. After slapping a longer barrel and a Falcon hop-up, it goes Section 5-hot and remains pretty accurate at 150-200 feet. Finally, as AirsoftGlobal claims, it's only a bit over 2 feet long and weighs two kilograms. TWO KILOGRAMS! That's two full-metal Berettas, which means I won't break my back carrying it around for a whole day (as opposed to the Warrior 1 I owned a while back). Damn good choice for a mobile marksman. I'm only $200 short for the whole project - if I wanted, I could already order the 10/22, barrel and hop-up, but considering it's -10 C outside, and I need 200 feet of open space for testing, I have to postpone it until Spring. When I get a $400-$500 bonus.

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

Waltissimo!

Or, How To Be Trendy In The Milsim Crowd   As I mentioned a couple of times earlier, Western airsoft is mainly about being up to date and up to style while posing for photos on which you look like you're on an assignment, fighting terrorists from the sinister Qaboom at-Turban organization somewhere in southeastern Turbanistan. Of course, if you feel even more milsim , you're going to black your face out of the photo, because, well, that's what real operators do. Or you look like a dope, one or the other. But the photo is only the final effect of being up to style - it's preceded by long and expensive preparations.   First and most important matter is the gun. Chinese clones are right out - you need absolutely the best and most real replica, for instance - Systema PTW. Why, yes, I do know it ain't worth *suitcase*, has shot consistency close to null and is horridly overpriced, but you're not going to actually shoot this thing, right? Oh, wait, you do. So, you want a G&P replica - heavy, with real markings, metal body, and things, and stuff. And, regardless of the manufacturer, it needs a shitload of sticklebrick. RIS rails, that is. What you also need is a nightvision aiming device, like the one actually used by the military - I doubt you're ever going to use it, unless you're ready to get mud on your Weesatch and spend the Saturday night patrolling some God-forgotten woods instead of getting a good night's sleep or partying, but it's your two grand (I doubt you're gonna spend much less on that one). Also, a *fruitcage*-off huge tactical light, the more mil-spec, the better. And a laser. Yes, laser is essential, especially if the dumb law in your country doesn't treat it as a verboten item (figure out WHOSE dumb law I have in mind, you have three guesses). Of course you're not going to use it, but it's cool to freak people out with a green dot (because red ones are demode ), it also looks awesome on the photos in dusty places (sorry, you HAVE to get some dirt on your Weesatch to be trendy!). Vertical foregrip is also very important - no matter how you hold your weapon, it's ALWAYS better (read: more milsim ) with a vertical grip. Also, you need a three-point sling, milspec one if possible. Two-point ones just aren't milsim enough. If you decided on a sidearm (why, of course, go for Western Arms, the fact that they're expensive should only assure you that they're reliable! And don't forget a metal body kit for it!), you need a holster, too. Get a milspec one, don't settle for less. Yes, of course I know there are knockoffs, but forget them - you don't want your gun badly scratched or jammed in that knockoff, right?   Next up, is the gear. Don't accept any substitutes - go for well-known brand names that supply the military. Original Crye Multicam uniforms are undoubtedly the paramount of milsim fashion, followed by issue ACU. If you decided to go as a PMC, 5.11 clothes are A MUST. Of course, you need to watch out for counterfeit items available for a suspiciously low price from shady EBay sellers - better to pay more and get the absolutely best than pay less and have it split in half over your *albatross* during a photo op. Don't save on MOLLE vests either - why get a cheap, off-color knockoff sewn in some smelly garage in China, when you can get the real deal? They aren't illegal to own. They're just expensive, but remember - you pay for QUALITY! Also, communications gear - same rule applies here, don't buy knockoffs. They're cheap, and nasty, and definitely not milsim . And, also, cheap. If you know where to look, you can also get various little things real operators usually have on themselves - like, for example, plastic zip-cuffs. Of course you're not going to use them (or are you?), but they boost your cred. Considerably.   And finally, patches. It's a contested issue between two camps: the "Why, yes, of course, they're a part of MILITARY SIMULATION too!" camp, who are absolutely right, and "No way, kid, EARN those badges first!" crowd who are just jealous that you have all the fun while they have been kicked around by a psychopath in a Smokey Bear hat to get them. So, patches, to the max. You also need to know how to call them like the real operators would. The Special Forces emblem is an "Electric Butterknife". The 101st Airborne bird is a "Chokin' Chicken" or "Puking Buzzard". And the double "A" on 82nd Airborne stands for "Alcoholics Anonymous". Reading the list of real Army expressions should help you master the soldier-speak.   There. You know everything you need to be the quintessential milsimmer. Of course everyone will treat you like a pompous *albatross*, and rightly so, but you shouldn't care and walk tall. Hooah!

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

IPB Gallery now running 4.2.1

I've updated our forum to the latest gallery version. This should fix a few niggly bugs that you might have seen.   I've also rebuilt the search indexes at the same time. Please report any issues on the usual areas of the forum.

Arnie

Arnie

 

Too much money, not enough sense

OK, so I'm going to be $700 richer in the coming days. Want to try and persuade me into not starting any mildly-crazy-to-batshit-insane airsoft projects? 1. Mildly crazy: Magpul-kitted SR25. JG based, fitted with a G&G hop-up, nozzle and standard V2 gearbox, with MOE foregrip and PRS stock. Won't cost a fortune, considering that I can get a decent discount at the local airsoft store and knockoff Magpul parts aren't really that hard to get. 2. Nuts: The Space Blaster. Stark S18C GBB with Guarder threaded barrel, AABB KPOS kit, a Docter or C-More red dot and the can I use on my USP. KPOS kit can't be bought without some digging and asking, and the Stark brand is relatively unknown. A couple of long mags should turn this thing into an useful CQB weapon that looks cool on photos. 3. Flap-Eared Royal Fruitcake: Assassin Rifle. KJW M700 Takedown with Tanaka 30-rd mag, silencer adapter and the humongous can I got off my friend. Simple but costly and useful only for photo ops. Would be nice if I found some way to detach the stock as well and an inexpensive case to keep it in. Good that I have friends in indie movie business and the local airsoft shop sometimes lends replicas for photo ops, and not for free at that. 4. Batshit Insane: Longsword SS-AP5 Rifle, Redneck Edition. A KJW KC-02 with extended mag release, Well MB05 stock, Falcon 510mm barrel encased in a rectangular aluminium profile and some other assorted gubbins. This is going to require a fully stocked workshop ("Oh, hi dad... I want to build a science-fiction sniper rifle." - "OK, no problem, apart from the fact that you're completely crazy."), won't look EXACTLY like the sniper rifle from DXHR and will be just barely more practical than the M700.

Mike_West

Mike_West

 

Digests should now be going out

Some of our members were not getting forum digest emails. This has now been fixed by Invision. Sadly it was a bug that was discovered by us and then reported to Invision that turned out to be an issue that affected all deployments of the new software. Our board have now been fixed with a patch, this will have resulted in quite a few emails going out as the backlog of digests went out.   As of now all forum digests should be going out on time and as expected. The patch has been rolled out to the next version of the forum software and this should mean that the issue no long affects anyone again.

Arnie

Arnie

 

Forum updates, feedback system and new versions

Firstly I'm going to try to document forum updates and other work completed to the site here in my forum blog. This will keep all the forum related updates in one place.   I've completed several updates to the forums today. We're now running the latest IPS versions for Gallery and Blog. There should be several bug fixes and feature adjustments with these new versions; I don't get a list I'm afraid or I'd publish it.   I've also taken comments on the trading system on board and we now have a feedback system installed for people to rate traders. I'm also inviting comment on whether we should update the sales system entirely or stick with topic based trading.   If there are bugs, problems or you just have an idea or input you'd like to see considered please do use the suggestion area to tell us!   You can find a topic covering these updates here.

Arnie

Arnie

 

From: Killbuckets Requiem: M2HB Airsoft

Hey killbucket, I was just making sure you got my order, haven't heard from you since I did, it will be under chris vxxxxgxxxt. Thanks, Fog 11-26 6:43 PM (order rec'd, copy on file).     I am shipping this tomorrow morning. As I said, ghosts in the machine, but it's done!!!     Yay!!! haha, alright awesome dude. 12-7 7:25 PM     Hey killlbucket I was wondering if you could give me a little accurate estimate of when the browning should come? If you can thats great if your not sure hey thats fine haha. 12-12 7:25 PM     UPS tracking# 1Z1022T90393040283 -I sent you an email on 12/9     Oh my bad, I must not have seen it, thanks a bunch man.     Hey, i got the browning today and im very pleased with it. Thanks a bunch. 12-14 6:27 PM   This Morning: Once again I ask you to just forget about this. I dont see the big deal about a video I forgot about that got little views and Taken down out of respect for you?9-8-2011 10:25 PM       also I paid you good money, its not like I went to your house and stole your stuff9-8-2011 10:27 PM   Deal with it, kid.   http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fJ1cSalH7Oc The VERY ITEM he is holding, is in my vid, here on my glass dining room table. I was going to be amused, and move on. But when his "friends" started lying for him, and saying that they saw him make it, I got MAD.     Source: Killbuckets Requiem: M2HB Airsoft

Killbucket

Killbucket

 

The Original Three Stooges

Spor and I were begining to wonder if the man known only to us as Sylum would actually show that Saturday morning in the Houma Books-A-Million. We were walking up and down the isle of military books, talking rather inconspicuously about what books to read to perfect the impression we wanted for our team: the deadly, legendary, and other worldly Navy SEALs. The Knights Airsoft Group is unlike most teams in Louisiana, Hell, maybe even the whole United States. Most of the members, fluctuating between ten to twenty on a given day, have not met one another. Or, if they have, it was only once. Aeros, the mighty half Korean CO of the team, was, and still is, one of the moderately active members. He had offered Spor and I the chance to join after the collapse of the cluster cuss that was the Louisiana Aces. I had been active in the Louisiana airsoft scene since the summer before my senior year, 2008. I had hosted two small games before with a semi-descent turn our averaging twelve people. After attending an open game hosted by Black Company, Louisiana's premiere team, I began to focus on getting gear, mostly a half-assed 'Nam kit. My trusty CM031, which can outrange most ICS or G&G guns to this day, helped me to dust a few foes here and there. In May '10, the Aces officially split; after a fight that I shall not replay or relate to, the players began to go our separate ways, and I and Spor joined KAG. By the time I was in KAG, I had been in twenty or so games, had a feeling that MILSIM was more my style, and was ready to take the ol' high cap and shove it to another new player. Aeros gave us permission to do our own little thing in the south, as most of the team was located north of Alexandria. Spor and I decided to go the route of the elite Navy SEALs, requiring coyote brown gear, woodland and DCU camo (soon to be AOR1 and 2), and knowlege of what the SEALs were and how they operated. We had recruited a new player to join our ranks, codenamed Sylum. A former paintballer and current wizzard with ballisong twirling, he stood at roughly six foot ungodly, towering over me and alittle bit higher than Spor (I am the runt of the group, I should add). Short curley hair, a dark complexion that really hid his Ginger blood, and not an ounce of fat on him, I was immediately impressed. His skills in paintball, as I would learn a few weeks later at the Second Sunday Shootout (a monthly event held by Noober or the South Louisiana Marauders), were greatly useful in his functions as a rifleman. I would capture on film on that same day, a headshot he pulled off at about 30 yards with an L96 using the "snap shot" technique our more arcade-like cousins use in their speedball games. Us three sat at a table, drinking energy drinks and coffee, talking about who we were. After around thirty minutes of bullshitting, we went to our respective vehicles, and began the twenty minute journey to a place Spor had dubbed "Hangar 18". It was an old sugar mill, long since torn down, with a large corrugated warehouse full of a product that had gone bankrupt years ago; we thought they looked like Sham-Wows. Perhaps, in the future, we could turn this into a CQB site, where 300 or lower FPS guns could go semi-auto at each other, a first for the state. It was big enough, thats for sure. After looking around, we set up a few targets and began to do drills. These focused on driving the weapon from target to target, changing position, and doing the same. To engage three targets with two rounds each, run ten feet, and do it again, it took us an average of eight and a half to nine seconds; not bad for a few guys who had no real training if I do say so myself. All in all, I knew that we had a new team mate in this Houma native. A trip to the local McClogyourarteries gave us a chance to talk shop more, but, we instead focused on music and personal lives. Sylum and I really connected in our love for Sonata Arctica and Opeth, while the group as a whole agreed that Pantera was brought from Vallhalla itself to please us. After two refilled Cokes, I decided to have myself a little Raoul Duke moment, and slipped off my uncomfy-assed work boots, and entered the childrens play area. Like a vet from back in The *suitcase* I crawled thru the assending and narrowing tubes, focusing on one thing only: looking as crazy as I could. As I slid down the slide screaming "Remember the Alamo!", I quickly got out before either the cops were called, or the guys in white suits with those nasty *albatross* chill pills. All in all, upon the dispersal of our party, Spor and I agreed; we had ourselves a new member, and he would prove his worth in the future....

VenomHound-KAG

VenomHound-KAG

 

A Magpul Masada project

I've been tinkering with my Masada again recently. Seeing as my review is hidden somehere within the gargantuan almost-100 page Magpul PTS Masada ACR review thread, I thought I'd make an article here for people to bookmark and easily keep track of any updates I add. I'll put updates at the bottom, so if you've read it before you won't have to skim through to find new information:   Review   Received my UK-spec Masada last week, with 1 free Pmag kindly thrown in from Dingodogs.   I'm extremely impressed with the material and build quality. The polymer is gorgeous stuff, seemingly better quality than the Pmags with a slightly more shiny or 'waxy' appearance, and a more complex, deeper texture. The polymer seems very tough and has a nice, dense feel to it. Yes there are mold lines visible, but they're not excessive or ugly and don't detract from the quality at all. They certainly can't be felt when shouldering the gun with bare hands.   The CNC upper is one very solid piece of metal. It's clearly been made to tight tolarances. I think the fact that it's been painted slightly reduces the precise appearance of the upper, but only when you look very closely. It's a very nice part of the gun and gives the whole thing a beautifully solid structure. The outer barrel is a beautiful part too. Very solid, very high quality work. Not sure what process has been used to colour the outer barrel and gas tube, but it has a gorgeous satin finish.   Some people have said the gun is light, but personally I think the weight is perfect. It's light enough that I'm be able to skirmish it all day, but heavy enough to make it feel solid and sturdy. Certainly lighter than some other guns, but this is also due to the way the weight is petfectly balanced. It's very ergonomic and feels completely natural to shoulder. Lucky for me the fixed stock is the perfect length, and feels very solid. Mine came with a sling point already attached, although the design is different to the separately sold Mapgul PTS sling point (which is a bizarre and hugely overpriced accessory).   As a showpiece it's stunning, but I bought this gun as an upgrade platform so the crucial test for me is whether it can be elevated to high performance. There's room for an internal tracer unit, as well as the extra electronics I've installed. I found that the barrel lever is removable, so there's actually plenty of room in the handguard for electronics etc.   Upon disassembly, it becomes clear that a lot of work is needed to gain serious performance from this gun.   I have no interest in running a stock gun, and wanted to take out the motor brushes to put into my own motor, so I never fired it in it's stock form. Even though I can't comment on the performance out of the box, visually inspecting the internals is very revealing.   Wiring   The soldering was ok, but not great. Tamiya connector is disappointing but not surprising. The gearbox has been designed so that the wires run through the gearbox shell itself. This makes the installation of a mosfet quite tricky, as there isn't much room for extra wires. The major obstacle that the wires must avoid is the magazine release. I ended up making some plastic blocks to glue onto each side of the gearbox to keep the wires out of the way, allowing the mag release to function normally.   Another obstacle to overcome when installing extra wires is the fact that the gearbox can be pushed out of alignment by the wires themselves. So unless you're careful when re-assembling the gun, the gearbox might sit in the wrong position, causing the bolt release to bind on top of the gearbox.   Microswitch/Trigger The microswitch says it's rated for only 15A which is quite low, so it wouldn't last long if used with a high performance battery and motor combination without a mosfet. So while the microswitch is a nice idea, it's a half-baked one and something of a liability when upgrading the gun. It doesn't provide much physical resistance, so you can't feel a nice, crisp click (although you can hear it). In fact, the design of the trigger is such that a trigger pull actually releases the switch, so installing a stronger microswitch wouldn't improve it. The trigger itself is let down hugely by the fire selector design becasue when reassembling the gun, it's very difficult to correctly align the selector gears with the lower receiver. This is a part which actually requires some 'tuning' to get right, which could have been so easily avoided with a better design. The trigger does seem to be very sensitive to slight fire-selector movement, bizzarely requiring a stronger trigger pull in certain positions. Definitely needs some learning to get right.   Motor The motor doesn't use the strong neodymium magnets found in high performance motors, so this would be one of the first things to replace. The best motors can be bought cheap, so it's a disappointment that the gun doesn't include one.   Anti-Reversal Latch   I had problems with the stock ARL. I'm not sure exactly what was wrong with it, as it didn't appear to be binding on anything, but there was audible backspin until I replaced it.   Gears   I reaplaced the stock gears immediately, so I can't comment on their performance or durability. It was disappointing to see that the bevel gear only has 4 ARL teeth.   Tappet Plate   The gun did not feed at first. Not at all. When manually inserting a BB into the barrel, the power was awful. It turned out to be a malformed tappet plate not allowing the nozzle to make contact with the bucking. I had to shave off a little material from the tappet plate. Feeding improved slightly, but I had to install a sector clip to allow the gun to feed reliably.   Air Nozzle   The air nozzle has no o-ring, meaning it does not form a proper air seal with the cylinder head nozzle. This affects power and consistency, which is disappointing for such an expensive gun. It wouldn't be a problem if the nozzle itself was a standard part, but as far as I know it's a unique length. At 25.4cm long it's enormous.   Piston/Piston head   I haven't tested it, but there's an air bubble visible inside the pickup tooth so I wouldn't want to put any strain on the piston. The piston came with a huge metal weight inside it (which is of course the opposite of what we want), and of course the angle of engagement hadn't been corrected. The O-ring was too big, causing excess friction on the back stroke so it had to be replaced.   Cylinder/Cylinder head   The cylinder isn't ported, but power is good enough so I haven't spent time/money on perfecting the barrel/cylinder volume. The cylinder itself seems great, and forms a perfect air seal. The cylinder head is proprietary due to the longer nozzle, but can be made good with teflon tape and sorbo.   Spring guide   This part is another major disappointment along with the air nozzle. It has no bearing, just a simple metal washer. Again this would be fine if it weren't a unique design. And again, if anyone knows of an aftermarket bearing spring guide which will fit please let me know. The quick spring change feature itself is very nice. Quickly changing springs isn't something I plan on doing, but it makes assembly and disassembly much easier, as you never have to fight against the main spring tension. For this reason, installing a high power spring would be trivial.     Everything in the gearbox was severley overlubed with some sort of very thick gunge, as with most stock AEGs. I forgot to check the shimming so I can't comment on it. I immediately replaced the bushings/bearings so I can't comment on them either. I haven't done extensive range testing so I can't yet tell if the hopup design or stock barrel are good enough, but the integrated nub does concern me.     Self-retaining body pins   A small detail, but the little clips holding in the body pins makes working on this gun an absolute pleasure. They snap into position with a really satisfying click, and having 4 less things to keep track of is awesome. Although the clips can come loose so be careful! Iron sights   The integrated front sight is strange, as it eats into the paintwork if allowed to spring into position. Otherwise it's a nice, solid sight which is adjustable. The rear sight is really beautiful.   Sling mounts   The multitude of sling mount points is a very nice feature. The gun comes with 3 quick detach mount points, which can all be mounted on one side of the gun if you choose.   Proprietary parts: Gearbox shell, motor cage, cut-off lever, spring guide, cylinder head, nozzle, hopup arm/nub/mechanism, trigger assembly, selector plate, selector gears.   As an upgrade platform this guns is fine, but the proprietary spring guide and air nozzle are the 2 major problems. The ability to use most other standard parts makes it good enough, and if a decent air nozzle and spring guide are made available then nothing inside the gearbox could hold it back.   There's a lot to be desired from the gearbox in it's stock form, and there are a couple of irritating design choices, but I'm really happy with it. I haven't been able to put it down since I got it, it just handles so well.   If anyone wants more info, feel free to get in touch.   Update 4/25/11   I bought some Modify 8mm Ceramic Bearings, having been impressed with them on another build (Airsoft World is a good place to buy them). It seems that the Masada gearbox is slightly thinner than the standard V2/3, because a disturbingly small number of shims are needed. None at all on the sector gear! I'm using Siegetek gears which are slightly elevated around the axles, so there won't be any excess friction because of the lack of shims. But it's way better to have more space for shims. So for the Magpul Masada I'd avoid these particular bearings. I haven't tested any others, but I'll report back when I do!   I was able to commission a custom air seal nozzle from AirsoftPro.cz for my Masada. They used the original air nozzle I sent them, and made me an aluminium one with an O-ring inside to minimise air leakage. It's very nicely made, and they now sell them. So, as is normal in airsoft, a major design flaw has been overcome by the end user and a small scale manufacturer! I've just noticed that the air nozzle on that website is marked as an A&K Masada nozzle. I don't know if it would fit the A&K version, but I can assure you that 25.4mm is the correct length for the Magpul PTS Masada. I've just emailed them about it so hopefully they'll change it...   I've developed an internal tracer system which requires an extra microswitch to be fitted to the trigger. The idea is that a partial trigger pull illuminates the LEDs, so that the tracer BBs are exposed to light before the gun is actually fired. This is crucial if you want consistently bright BBs from an internal tracer. The thing is that the Masada really has no room for extra switches to be simply put in place, unlike the G36. But I have a MOSFET installed, so I was able to use a much, much smaller microswitch to actually fire the gun. This freed up enough room to put in a second microswitch to illuminate the tracer It took an awful lot of fine tuning, and it really doesn't look pretty, but now I have a trigger which activates two microswitches, one after the other.   I haven't finished this current upgrade project yet, so there'll be more to come before too long. Thanks for reading!

Tacitus

Tacitus

 

Leeds Royal Armouries Museum - 'Patterns' Room: 28000 firearms and I touched as many as I possibly could

Sadly right now photobucket is down, but then I wasn't allowed a camera in the good part anyway, so for now, here's the world's most innocent looking door:     Behind that is another door, and then a security lobby with another steel multi-reinforced and locked door, and then a metal detector, and then another door and then... well, for a gun geek like me it was a 'god rays shining down, angels singing' moment. 28,000 guns of every variety, from the tiniest little matchlock pistol to 40mm+ aircraft cannon and literally everything inbetween, from the earliest breech loading muskets to the L129A1 sharpshooter rifle.   As I mentioned before, very, very sadly we were only allowed phones/cameras inside the public museum part, but for now while it's still fresh in my mind, here's a list of some of the guns I had a play with this morning:   -5 barreled breech loader Navy boarding rifle -Quad and triple barreled matchlock pistols -A pair of front loading revolvers given as a gift by Mr Colt himself, intricately detailed with images of sailing ships all over -One rifled muzzle loader used by Sharpe's infamous unit -A wide array of muzzle and breech loading matchlock rifles and pistols, sadly not my area of expertise but really beautiful objects -Pair of fluted breech loaders used when dueling was still in the Olympics (up to 1909) -H&K MP5k with Saudi markings -Gold plated MP5k -Gold plated Stirling SMG with Ivory grips -Gold AKs-47 -UMP chambered in 9mm -L1A1 from the NI era -L85A2 with DD rail, GPS Grip-pod and SUSAT -L129A1 with irons, folding VFG, Harris bi-pod, LMT crane stock, ERGO type grip, Magpul 20 rounder and TangoDown rail covers -MP44 with corner-shot device (mental thing) -Something that looked exactly like an AK, but was actually a crazy 7mm bolt action -Some Sterling SMGs and Thompsons knocked up by an IRA bloke using nothing but a Black & Decker drill, a hand file and materials from a DIY shop -RPG-7 -Carl Gustav -Glock 17 -7.5" M4A1 with a free-floating rail, made by a company I've never heard of and can't remember -20s dated Tommy gun with 50 round drum, radiated barrel and the classic wooden VFG -M1A1 Thompson -USAS-12 (omg so hawt) -M700 with probably the smoothest bolt in the world and an electronic trigger   Also, a small part of the stuff I saw but didn't get a chance to play with:   -M3 Grease gun with corner-shot attachment -40mm ground attack aircraft cannon from WWI -About 200 Bren guns and the various ancestors/derivatives -M82A1 and A3 -16" L119A1 with H&K UGL -M60s -G3s -Various iterations of the Uzi -Pretty much every MP5 ever and some that I've never seen before, including one with a 40mm launcher -Lord know how many AKs from every country that makes them -AR-15s and AR-10s from the very beginning with the cocking handle on top all the way through to now -US WWII 'trench' shotguns -SPAS-12s -A breech loader taller than me and quite possibly heavier -Some concealable stabbing/cutting weapons that could easily slip through stringent airport security and just as easily kill someone, won't go in to details on those though; sufficed to say a 10p, a fork and a hairbrush can make quite an arsenal -L96 -Plenty of Lee-Enfields -Shed loads of Browning HPs and Sigs -FG42s -PPSHs -M79 -Multi-chambered grenade launchers -HK53/33 -Steyr AUG -G36s -Absolutely *suitcase* loads of stuff that I couldn't identify -Absolutely *suitcase* loads that I can't even remember now because there was so damn manyyyyy   So yes, we'll be paying that place another visit in not too long. Who can say no to getting a free trip on works' time to look at that sort of a collection?

CKinnerley

CKinnerley

×

Important Information

By using this site, you agree to our Terms of Use and the use of session cookies.